Wrinkles and lines

What are wrinkles and lines?

Wrinkles, lines and skin folds are a result of changes in the skin that naturally develop with time but are significantly accelerated by sun exposure and cigarette smoking. The skin becomes thinner and drier from the effect of the loss of collagen, elasticity and moisture retaining proteins. Changes in the upper layer of the skin (epidermis) cause the loss of reflectivity and a rough dry appearance.

Lines between the eyebrows can be formed from repeated muscle activity associated with frowning. Over time, the repeated raising of the eyebrows can cause forehead lines and tightly closing the eyes can cause what we call “crows-feet”. Relaxing of the muscles in these areas can reduce or eliminate these lines.

Lines also form in the facial area from a change due to the loss of fat or bone structure. There can be a natural downward movement of the underlying fat and the thinning of skin causing lines to appear. You can think of these natural changes like those that appear when an apple is left to dry.

There are three types of what we call wrinkles or lines:

fine lines
occur throughout the face due to thinning of the skin and the loss of collagen, turgor and moisture retaining proteins in the skin
expression lines
develop associated with facial muscle activity causing permanent creases
gravity lines
develop as the tissues in the face sag forming furrows and lines between them

What treatments are available for wrinkles and lines?

The Rosenthal Clinic offers numerous ways to effectively treat wrinkles and lines. The best course of action can only really be established with a personal consultation to determine any relevant medical factors and timescales that may affect choice of treatment.